Penetrating commentary

So here’s the quote that spoiled my breakfast this morning. It came in an anti-American diatribe from Alfatih Ziada, a columnist for the state Sudan Vision newspaper:

America has a leader (Bush) who is tough and assertive, willing to employ pre-emptive, penetrating power. Unfortunately, as we all know, and all Viagra users experience, he is a leader displaying the same fictitious masculinity that, when the rhetorical rage of patriotism, imperialism and Christian crusade ebbs, will, like a Viagra hard-on, shrink to reveal his true, pathetic natural manhood.

I thought one of the benefits of living under Sharia law was that you were spared this kind of imagery in the popular press.

Peace balls

It is amazing what you can achieve with a choir of sweetly-singing students, a bell and a bag of branded footballs.

UNAMID Deputy Head of Mission Delivers a Peace Message to the People of Darfur: Encouraged by the Rising Winds of Peace

El Fasher, 21 September 2008 – The Principal Deputy Joint Special Representative of the African Union –United Nations Hybrid Operations in Darfur (PDJSR) Mr. Henry Anyidoho expressed optimism about attainment of peace in Darfur.

Addressing the celebration in Al Fasher of this year’s International Day of Peace which took place at the State Legislative Council Hall, Anyidoho said “I can see the wind of peace blowing in this hall this morning, and I pray that it would take us to our destination”. He added that the sweet voices of students singing for peace in Darfur were a clear testimony of the advancement on the road to peace…

…He later distributed “Peace Balls” to all the schools invited, and also rang the peace bell to make UN commitment to the ideal of world peace heard far and wide, and to remind all that peace is a common desire for people everywhere.

Next stop Somalia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Constant motion but no forward movement

Was re-reading some background papers on Sudan last night and came across this quote from commentator Alex de Waal:

“We must face the possibility of continued turbulence and paralysis in Sudan – a political process marked by constant motion but no forward movement.”

There has been lots of “motion” over the last year – everything from rebels racing across hundreds of miles of desert to attack Khartoum to peace envoys zipping across the world holding consultations and conferences. But very little, if anything, that counts as “movement”.

Meskel Square’s new patron saint

2830128012_24f30f2d7aSudan’s Catholics turn to Darfur saint

By Andrew Heavens and Skye Wheeler

KHARTOUM/JUBA (Reuters) – In a dusty church in Khartoum’s Jeberona camp for displaced persons, the congregation claps and sings beneath a portrait of a smiling woman who has become a focus of hope for a divided country.

Josephine Bakhita, a former slave who died in 1947, has risen from obscurity to become the first saint from Darfur in western Sudan, a region convulsed by war for the past five years.

“I would say she was a gift from God … an offer from God,” said Bishop Daniel Adwok, the Roman Catholic auxiliary bishop of Khartoum. “She has come on time for the conflict here in Sudan.”

Google Chrome denied

So the U.S. trade sanctions against Sudan are at last beginning to bite. Here is the screen I got when I tried to download Google’s new Chrome internet browser from Khartoum.


Something similar happened with Google Earth – at the time Google said it blocked downloads in Sudan saying it couldn’t distribute its software in the blacklisted country.

First Google Earth. Now Google Chrome. Sudan’s geeks are going to be enraged. Could this be the move that finally brings the Khartoum regime to its knees?

Day three

There is very little time to post right now but I am sure you have all seen the stories on the news. If not, here is a good summary by Associated Press. The best I can do at the moment is point you to my pictures on Flickr.

Just to say that they fall short in showing the full tension here on the streets and the terrible grief and injuries in the hospitals.

It is a very strange position to be in as a journalist. Everyone is desperate for you to record what is going on. I was practically grabbed by doctors and protesters at the Black Lion hospital and dragged from ward to ward. Before I could focus my camera on one patient I was being ushered out to the next ward and the next morgue.

People walk past you and shout “look at this” and “can you see what is happening”.

At one point a young man burst out of the morgue roaring with grief. He kept charging on the surrounding doctors, clenching his fists, desperate to find someone to take his grief out on. Seconds later he ran out of the room in tears.

Just for the record, I saw 11 bodies at the Black Lion and Zawditu hospitals, all with gun shot wounds, some to the head. As you know the official count at the moment is 22.

ethio hospital 6They all seemed to me to be in their twenties or at most their early thirties. Most of the protesters I saw earlier yesterday were much younger – see this picture of stone-throwing youths. The real worry is that this unrest will spread from the students to “street people” across the city, turning the protests into widespread unrest.

If you want to say anything about this post, could you consider keeping your comments moderate.

“Trouble kicked off today”

I friend of mine out here just emailed me this account of yesterday’s events in Addis Ababa:

Trouble kicked off today – first there was the arrest of AAU students in the early hours of the morning then the university was surrounded by the police. I went off home and noticed loads of people on the streets and all the kids from private schools being whisked off home. An hour later I went back and saw the truck loads of male students being transported away in military vehicles under heavy armed escort. The girls followed, many crying, in buses. People lined the streets with tears in their eyes, braver souls shouted their support or raised their clenched fists in anger. The tension was palpable and the scene continued throughout the afternoon. Another hour later we received a phone call. Shooting had been heard in the vicinity of the British embassy and it was best to avoid the embassy road. We took a detour home but from the other side of the embassy we could see the build up of special forces and riot police.

We heard later that children from Kokebe Tsiba Secondary School had blocked the road trying to stop the passage of the military vehicles taking their older counterparts out of Addis to an unknown destination. Some people suggested Shoa Robit. In the past students have been transported to boot camp for correctional training for a few weeks while the situation calms down. A friend also saw pick-ups ferrying casualties, young students from the school to hospital.

The first protests

Scores of Ethiopian students were arrested this morning after mounting the first public protests over Ethiopia’s national elections. Police charged into Addis Ababa University campuses at arat and sedist kilo to subdue the demonstrations.

According to AP:

Army’s special forces troops stood by, armed with assault rifles and rocket propelled grenades. Riot police with tear gas and a water cannon also stood by as regular police quelled the demonstration.

Troops were photographed using batons and the butts of their rifles to beat students in the streets and inside the campuses. Armed soldiers sealed off the whole area around the main university buildings up to near the turning to the Sheraton Hotel this morning.

A local journalist on the scene told me that a paper arranging the protest had been circulated among students last night. Somehow the police also got a copy and moved in early to prevent the demonstration spreading.

I arrived too late to see the actual protest. By the time I got there students were still being held back in the university premises and passers-by, including journalists, were barred from walking up the main streets. This photo is as close as I could get (click on it to make it bigger).

There are some much better pics here and here.

And here are some stories:

Arrests for Ethiopia poll protest (BBC)

Hundreds of Ethiopian students have been arrested in the capital, Addis Ababa, after staging protests over last month’s elections. Baton-wielding police stormed the two university campuses which the students had occupied. They had accused the ruling EPRDF party of fraud.

Ethiopian police arrest election protesters (Reuters)

Ethiopian police locked down a university in the capital on Monday and arrested scores of students protesting against election results they said were manipulated by the ruling party. Police officers rounded up chanting protesters at Addis Ababa University, the scene of deadly riots in 2001, and took them away in four trucks.

Police surround Ethiopian campuses as students defy post-election demo ban (AFP)

Ethiopian security forces surrounded two university campuses in Addis Ababa on Monday as hundreds of students defied a government ban on demonstrations to protest last month’s disputed elections, witnesses said. Ethiopian troops blocked the road to Addis Ababa University as federal police officers surrounded the Faculty of Social Sciences and the nearby Faculty of Science and Medicine where up to 900 students were protesting, alleged ruling party fraud in the May 15 polls, they said.

Ethiopia arrests election protesters (AP)

Police arrested hundreds of students who defied a government ban to protest the results of Ethiopia’s disputed legislative elections, hours after surrounding and locking down the country’s largest university on Monday…Minister of Information Bereket Simon … said not a single police officer or student had been injured, but pictures taken by an Associated Press photographer and others showed officers hitting students with the butts of assault rifles and bloodstains on the ground.

Tangled up in stats

Another milestone is approaching with the official “provisional” figures. The combined opposition forces of the CUD and the UEDF are now just six seats away from claiming a third of the House of People’s Representatives. (They need more than 182 seats for this).

With a third of the seats, they would for the first time be able to table their own bills and initiate their own debates. They could also block major moves like changes to the constitution (which needs a two-thirds majority according to that same constitution).

Of course everything is still up in the air at the moment. The CUD and the UEDF still claim that they have won the full election. The National Election Board is currently looking into allegations of voting irregularities in more than 200 constituencies, based on complaints made by all sides. The elections in the Somali region (with their 23 seats) won’t start until August. And there are still 14 official results to come in from the May 15 count.

But it is still a milestone worth marking.

I had an interesting interview with Beyene Petros of the UEDF about this, as part of an article for IPS. I will post his quotes as soon as it is published.